Terminology

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE
a = ah, as in father
i = ee, as in meet
u = oo, as in threw
e = eh, as in feather
o = oh, as in dough

GENERAL TERMS

   
 

KARATEDO
KARATEKA
KARA
TE
DO
DESHI
SHIHAN
SENSEI
SHIDOIN
SEMPAI
KOHAI
SHOGO
RENSHI
KYOSHI
HANSHI
MEIJIN
SOKE
OSHIERU
SHOMEN
REI
SEIZA
DOJO
OTAGAI NI
MOKUSO
MIGI
HIDARI
MAE
USHIRO
NANAME
DOGI
KATA
RYU
RYUHA
ABUNAI

- Okinawan and Japanese martial art. The way of karate.
- student of karate.
- empty or void of something.
- hand.
- the way.
- student disciple.
- Master Teacher, exemplary teacher or Chief Instructor.
- Teacher.
- Assistant Instructor.
- Senior Class Member. Looked up to for Leadership.
- Junior Class Member.
- "title", "name", "degree" are martial arts titles developed by the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai.
- instructor
- refers to an advanced teacher. Can be a more modest synonym for sensei.
- refers to a senior expert considered a "teacher of teachers." This title is used by many
 different arts for the top few instructors of that style, and is sometimes translated
 "master" or "exemplary warrior".
- grandmaster, awarded by a special board of examiners
- Current headmaster of a style or school.
- to teach by example. To show. To walk the talk.
- front of the Class Area in the Dojo.
- bow of Respect.
- kneeling down in formal seated posture.
- a Place Where "The Way" is Practiced.
- to Face your fellow student.
- command to Quiet the mind and Body. To bring your mind to the present.
- right
- left
- front
- back
- generally 45° - (yonjugodo)
- The formal name for training uniform worn during lessons of the way.
- Prearranged Formal Exercise Drills.
- A traditional style or school.
- Multiple or separate schools or styles of any art.
- dangerous. Any technique that poses a threat or is potentially dangerous to the per-
 son performing the technique.

   
 

COUNTING

 

ICHI
NI
SAN
SHI
GO
ROKU
SHICHI
HACHI
KU OR KYU
JU
NIJU
SANJU
YONJU
GOJU
ROKUJU
SHICHIJU
HACHIJU
KUJU
HYAKU
SEN

- one
- two
- three
- four
- five
- six
- seven
- eight
- nine
- ten
- twenty
- thirty
- forty
- fifty
- sixty
- seventy
- eighty
- ninety
- one hundred
- one thousand

   
 

EVERYDAY CONVERSATIONS

OSU - Greeting or can be used to mean, keep trying and perseverance.
(DOMO) ARIGATO GOZAIMASU - Thank You (very much).
DO ITASHIMASHITE - You're welcome. Don't mention it.
ONEGAI SHIMASU - (requesting something) Please Train Me.
OHAYO GOZAIMASU - Good Morning.
KONNICHI WA - Good Day or good afternoon.
KOM-BAN WA - Good evening.
SAYONARA- Good-Bye.
OGENKI DESUKA? - How are you?
HAI - Yes.
IIE - No
DOZO - Please.
SHITSUREI SHIMASU - Excuse me or pardon me.
DOKO - Where?
KOKO - Here.
SOKO - There.
WATAKUSHI WA JIM DESU - I am Jim.
HAJIMEMASHITE. DOZO YOROSHIKU. - I am pleased to meet you

     
 

KIHON WAZA (BASIC TECHNIQUE)

 
 
 

DACHI - Stances
UKE - Blocks
TSUKI - Thrusts
UCHI - Strikes
KERI - Kicks
UNDO - Any exercises.
KATA - Form, shape or pattern.

   
 

DACHI (STANCES)

 

1. HEISOKU DACHI
2. MUSUBIDACHI
3. NAMIHEIKO DACHI
4. UCHIHACHIJI DACHI
5. SOTOHACHIDACHI
6. SHIKKO DACHI
7. HEIKO DACHI
8. RENOJI DACHI
9. ZENKUTSU DACHI
10. KOKUTSU DACHI
11. NEKO ASHI DACHI
12. KOSADACHI
13. MOTO DACHI
14. HAN ZENKUTSU DACHI
15. SAGIASHI DACH
I

- Feet together, closed toed
- Feet together, open toed
- Parallel, shoulder width, feet straight
- Parallel, Shoulder width, feet pointed in
- Parallel, Shoulder width, feet pointed out
- A horse riding stance.
- Forward parallel stance (natural walking length)
- Feet in tilted "r" position (standing cat stance)
- Forward stance
- Back stance
- Cat foot stance
- Crossed leg stance
- Short stance with feet pointing forward. In kumite, rear heel is up.
- Half front stance.
- One-legged stance.

   
 

JODAN UKE (HEAD AREA BLOCKS)

   
 

1. AGE UKE
2. NAKA UKE
3. UCHI OTOSHI
4. YOKO BARAI
5. WA UKE
6. TSUKI UKE
7. KOSA UKE
8. KOTE UKE
9. SASHITE
10. KO UKE
11.KURI UKE

- Rising block
- Forearm inward block
- Inside out circle forearm drop block
- Forearm outward parry
- Two arm circle block
- Thrust block
- Crossed arm block
- Back of hand block
- Inward sweeping block
- Wrist block
- Inside out, circle block with knife edge of hand

   
 

CHUDAN UKE (MIDDLE BLOCKS)

   
 

1. YOKO (SOTO) UKE
2. HARAI UKE
3. WA UKE
4. KOSA UKE
5. NAKA UKE
6. SHOTEI UKE
7. GASSHO UKE
8. URA UKE
9. KENSASAE UKE
10. KAKETE
11. HIJl UKE
12.OURA UKE
13.YOKO BARAI
14. UKE NAGASHI
15. KOTE UKE
16. KO UKE
17. SUKUI UKE
18.SHUTO UKE
19. HIJISASAE UKE
20. HIRAYUKI
21. KAKIWAKE
22. TSUKIDOME

Forearm outward side block
Middle area downward block
Two arm circular block
Crossed arm block
Inward block
Palm Heel Block
Praying hands block
Inverted block (small circle with back of hand or wrist)
Two hand outward block, open hand supports fist
Hooking hand block
Elbow block
Large circle inverted forearm block
Forearm outward side parry
Inward palm sweeping block
Back of hand block
Wrist block
Scooping block
Knife hand block
Two hand outer block, closed fist at elbow
Two hand knife edge pushing block
Wedge block
Withdrawing forearm block (after thrust) - also called hiki te.

   
 

GEDAN UKE (LOWER LEVEL BLOCKS

   
 

1a. HARAI UKE
1b. GEDAN BARAI
2. SHUTO BARAI
3. RYOTE SUKUI UKE
4. KATATE SUKUI UKE
5. FURISUTE
6. WA UKE
7. SUKUIDOME
8. KOSA UKE
9. HIZAGAESHI

Downward sweeping block protecting lower and middle areas.
Downward sweeping block protecting lower area.
Knife hand parry
Two hand scooping block
One hand scooping block
Scoop and throw block
Two arm circular block
Scoop and catch block
Crossed arms block
Knee sweeping across block

   
 

TSUKI (PUNCHES)
In karate and its variants, tsuki is used generally as a part of a compound word for any one of various
punches, and virtually never stands alone to describe a discrete technique, (note that in a compound
word, where tsuki does not come first, its pronunciation and writing changes slightly; this is transliter-
ated as zuki)

   
 

1. SEIKEN ZUKI
2. TATEKEN ZUKI
3. URAKEN ZUKI
4. AGE ZUKI
5. FURI ZUKI
6. WA ZUKI
7. MOROTE ZUKI
8. HIRAKEN ZUKI
9. IPPONKEN ZUKI
10. URA ZUKI
11. KAGI ZUKI

Standard fore fist thrust
Vertical fore fist thrust
Backfist thrust
Rising thrust
Circular thrust, knuckes facing inward
Two arm circular thrust
Two arm, two level thrust
Fore knuckle thrust (leopard punch)
One knuckle thrust
Uppercut
Hook thrust

   
 

UCHI (STRIKES)

 

1. SHUTO UCHI
2. KENTSUI UCHI
3. URAKEN UCHI
4. SHUHO
5. HIJIATE
6. URA SHUTO
7. NUKITE
8. YUBIHASAMI UCHI
9. HIRA BASAMI UCHI
10. HAITO UCHI

Knife hand strike
Hammer fist strike
Back knuckle strike
Mountain hand (back knuckles of a peaked hand)
Elbow smash (strike)
Inverted knife hand hand
Spear hand
Thumb and forefinger scissors strike
Full hand scissors strike
Ridge hand strike

GERI (KICKS)

 

1. SOKO GERI
2. CHUDAN GERI
3. JODAN GERI
4. SOKUTO GERI
5. YOKO GERI
6. MAWASHI GERI
7. FUMIOROSHI
8. HIZA GERI
9. KOSHU GERI
10. HIZAGAESHI
11. JOSOKUTEI
12. KASOKUTEI

Instep kick
Ball of foot middle level kick
Ball of foot upper level kick
Knife edge of foot to knee level kick
Knife edge of foot to middle level kick
 Roundhouse with instep to middle level kick
Toe stomping kick
Knee kick
Heel back rising kick
Knee sweeping across kick
Ball of the foot
Heel of the foot

   
 

EXERCISES

1. TENSHIN HAPPO - 8 Direction Movement2. HIJI ATE GOHO 5 - Elbow Strike Exercise1. Step back with your right leg into zenkutsu dad (front stance) and block down
with your left arm.2. Step up with your right leg forward into heiko dachi and execute raising elbow
strike with your right elbow to solar plexus (right palm to right ear).3. Step back with your right leg into heiko dachi and execute right rear elbow
strike while simultaneously bringing left arm across your body (palm up), raising
your arm to solar plexus level, rotating your wrist to palm down. This is a wrist
release from a grab to your right arm. Rotation of both wrists should be simulta-
neous.4. Step up with your right leg into shiko dachi (horse stance), and execute right
elbow strike to right side (palm facing down), fist at solar plexus.5. In right shiko dachi raise right arm up in circular motion drop your elbow to
right side (palm facing you).6. Step up with your right leg into heiko dachi (shoulder stance) with your left leg
following so feet are on the same line, simultaneously elbow strike to your right
side. Start the elbow strike with your palm up and rotate to palm down with fist
ending at solar plexus.Repeat all moves on opposite side.

   
 

UKE NO GOGENRI

- 5 PRINCIPLES OF BLOCKING

1. Rakka
2. Ryusui
3. Kushin
4. Teni
5. Hangeki

Pulling or Moving Attack Downwards
Moving Attack to the Side
Lowering the Center of Gravity
Body Shifting Away from Attack
Meeting the attack with a Counter

TENPO GOSOKU NO HO

- 5 Methods of Body Shifting

1. Deashi
2. Hikiashi
3. Yoriashi
4. Mawariashi
5. Tobiashi

Stepping Straight In
Stepping Straight Back
Shuffling
Spinning
Jumping / Springing